Making Carbs Count, nutrition of chicory, endives, radicchio

KITLIVING

Used both raw in salads

and baked in gratins,

chicory has a slightly

bitter taste but a lovely

clean pale green

appearance. Unless you have got hold

of its close cousin, radicchio, the hues of

which are a deep reddish-purple. Chicory

has a crisp texture and nutty, bitter flavour.

It can be served raw on its own or part of

a salad, or pan-cooked then wrapped in

ham, or baked in a gratin. It works well

with sweet dressings such as honey and

mustard, or balsamic. It has a pointy, firm

textured leaf that tastes mildly bitter. The

leaves can be served stuffed, baked,

boiled, even cooked in a milk sauce, or

simply eaten raw. The whiter the leaf, the

less bitter the taste.

When stripped away from the bulb,

the neat narrow leaves make perfect little

boats to ferry food in, ideal for making

mini-salads as canapes or starters.

Close knit bunch

Chicory, endive and radicchio are very

closely related. Cultivated chicory comes

in three types, of which there are many

varieties. One of the most well known in

the UK is Belgian endive (also known as

witloof, which is Dutch for 'white leaf').

It's also known as endive in France, and

chicon in parts of northern France.

Belgian endive is grown completely

underground or indoors in the absence

of sunlight to prevent the leaves from

turning green and opening up. The plant

has to be kept just below the soil surface

as it grows, only showing the very tip

of the leaves. Belgium exports chicon/

witloof to over 40 different countries. The

technique for growing blanched endives

was accidentally discovered in the 1850s

at the Botanical Garden of Brussels in

Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Belgium. Today

France is the largest producer of endive.

Belgian endive (witloof) are the ones most

commonly for sale in supermarkets.

(Although leaf chicory is often called

Per head: 10 cals, virtually zero fat,

2g carbs, 0.5g protein, fibre 7%

recommended daily allowance (RDA), 5%

folate (B9) RDA, 3% Manganese RDA.

Nutrition of chicory

MAKING CARBS COUNT

'endive', true endive Cichorium endivia is

a different species in the genus, distinct

from Belgian endive.

Sugarloaf chicory looks rather like

Cos lettuce, with tall tightly wrapped green

heads with domed ends, which look like

their historical namesake - 'loaves' of

sugar which were rounded pyramids.

Like endive, radicchio is a member

of the chicory family bit has firm, bright

reddish-purple leaves with a white stem

and veins. Also with a slightly bitter

flavour, it works well with sweeter lettuces

such as iceberg, romaine and round

butterhead lettuce adding a splash of

colour to a salad. It goes well with soft,

rich cheeses and lends itself well to the

richness of cream and the fattiness and

smokiness of bacon.

Used throughout Italy Catalogna

chicory, also known as puntarelle,

includes a whole subfamily of chicory

(some varieties from Belgian endive and

some from radicchio).

Inulin (yep, no typo)

Inulins are a group of naturally occurring

polysaccharides produced by many types

of plants and belong to a class of dietary

fibres known as fructans. A starchy

substance, it found in a wide variety of

fruits, vegetables, and herbs, including

wheat, onions, bananas, leeks, artichokes

and asparagus. Inulin is commonly used

for treating high blood fats, including

cholesterol and triglycerides. It is also used

for weight loss, constipation, diarrhoea

and even diabetes. The inulin that is used

for medicine is most commonly obtained

by soaking chicory roots in hot water. In

the 21st century, inulin has also been used

in food manufacturing as a sweetener and

source of dietary fibre.

Inulin is not digested or absorbed

in the stomach. It goes to the bowels

where bacteria are able to use it to grow

(a probiotic). It supports the growth

of a special kind of bacteria that are

associated with improving bowel function

ABOVE: Red and green

chicory. BELOW: Belgian

endive (witloof) with roots.

Recipe overleaf

and general health. Inulin decreases the

body's ability to make certain kinds of fat

and may lower blood glucose levels too

in T2D.

Index

  1. Free online Desang diabetes magazine diabetes information
  2. Dexcom CGM, continuous glucose monitoring
  3. Desang diabetes, magazine diabetes information, Sue Marshall diabetes
  4. Diabetes news, Second Nature, Semaglutide, CGM
  5. Jade Byrne, Type 1 diabetes, Pricks the play, James Norton
  6. Ascensia Contour Next One blood glucose monitor
  7. Diabetes apps, Chris Polhemous Type U Diabetes, American Diabetes Association
  8. Type 2 diabetes treatment, Fractyl Revita duodenal mucosal resurfacing
  9. BD, Becton Dickinson, injection technique, BD pen needles
  10. JDRF Type 1 diabetes charity, Pathway to Choice access to diabetes technology, Karen Addington
  11. Air Liquide Healthcare UK Tandem t:slim insulin pump with Basal IQ
  12. Page 0012
  13. Home test HbA1c, A1C Now Self-Check
  14. Page 0014
  15. Medtronic Minimed 670G hybrid closed loop insulin pump
  16. Page 0016
  17. bbott Freestyle Libre, Flash Glucose Monitoring
  18. : Desang diabetes magazine, diabetes diet
  19. Association of British Clinical Diabetologists (ABCD), Diabetes Technology Network (DTN), Libre Flas
  20. The Diet Myth Tim Spector, microbiome, personal diets
  21. The Diet Myth Tim Spector, microbiome, personal diets
  22. The Diet Myth Tim Spector, microbiome, personal diets
  23. Diabetes UK helpline
  24. Free online Desang diabetes magazine diabetes information
  25. Sue Marshall, Desang, Desang diabetes kitbags, living with diabetes, type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabete
  26. Asda, Sainsbury, Waitrose, Easter eggs, Fidd, Wicked Kitchen, Heston Blumenthal, oysters, oyster mus
  27. Asda, Sainsbury, Waitrose, Easter eggs, Fidd, Wicked Kitchen, Heston Blumenthal, oysters, oyster mus
  28. Asda, Sainsbury, Waitrose, Easter eggs, Fidd, Wicked Kitchen, Heston Blumenthal, oysters, oyster mus
  29. Kaleido insulin pump, patch pump, ViCentra diabetes
  30. Asda, Sainsbury, Waitrose, Easter eggs, Fidd, Wicked Kitchen, Heston Blumenthal, oysters, oyster mus
  31. Asda, Sainsbury, Waitrose, Easter eggs, Fidd, Wicked Kitchen, Heston Blumenthal, oysters, oyster mus
  32. Lisa Bailey, Spoonit, carb spoon, counting carbohydrates, of which sugars, types of sugar
  33. Lisa Bailey, Spoonit, carb spoon, counting carbohydrates, of which sugars, types of sugar
  34. Lisa Bailey, Spoonit, carb spoon, counting carbohydrates, of which sugars, types of sugar
  35. Ascensia Contour Next One Diabetes blood test meters
  36. Making Carbs Count, nutrition of chicory, endives, radicchio
  37. Making Carbs Count, nutrition of chicory, endives, radicchio
  38. Making Carbs Count, nutrition of chicory, endives, radicchio, British leeks
  39. Omnipod Insulet insulin pump with insulin pods, podders
  40. Free online Desang diabetes magazine diabetes information

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